Ancestors

Honoring Our Ancestral Mothers

Honoring Our Ancestral Mothers

Today is Mother’s Day, and so we honor our moms.  We might send a card, have some flowers delivered, or even call our mothers if we are blessed to still have them.  This is how we show appreciation for our mothers today, but how do we honor all the mothers in our family tree who came before our own mother?

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Undated copy of photo, labeled only as “Mary,” in author’s collection

For many genealogists, researching females can be difficult.

To start with, we may not even know our ancestral mothers’ names.  They may have been obscured by history and tradition, known only as the “Mrs.” of their husbands.  Or worse, they may be completely silent in the records, with no mention at all.  Yet, we know they did exist–barring any modern reproductive scientific miracles, we simply would not be here today without our ancestral mothers.

How can we honor the memory of those mothers that may be so difficult to find?  The most obvious, simplest (but not easiest) thing we can do is give them back their names for posterity’s sake.

Here are several research tips to help locate females in historical records.

Search for Vital Records or their substitutes

Vital records are typically referred to as “BMDs,” short for birth, marriage, and death.  Whether viewing modern civil records or historical church records, these types of records will often list the full maiden name of the woman.

  • Marriage documents provide the best chance to locate the maiden name.  Look for the marriage application, license, or a consent to marry if the female was under legal age to marry.
  • Birth documents are usually accurate with regard to the mother’s information, because she was most likely the informant.  Look for birth certificates or registers, adoption decrees, or parish baptism or christening records.
  • Death records will provide information about females, but the records may not be as accurate, depending upon who the informant was (husband, sibling, child, grandchild, etc.).  Look for death certificates or registers, funeral home or mortuary records, cemetery records (such as who owned the plot), and obituaries.
  • Family Bibles are a great source of birth, marriage and death information if they can be located.  Often kept before the statewide requirements to record vital records, a family Bible may provide an adequate substitute.
Wedding portrait of Mary Elizabeth Bell, married John William Freeman 5 Nov 1891 in Hope, Lavaca, Texas

Wedding portrait of Mary Elizabeth Bell, great-grandmother of the author, dated 5 Nov 1891, who married John William Freeman in Hope, Lavaca, Texas, in author’s collection

Scour census records for all the clues they contain

Although census records may not directly answer our research questions, they often provide indirect evidence that can be used as clues to locate other original records.  Consider that beginning with the 1880 census, relationships to head-of-household were provided; thus, a mother-in-law or father-in-law listed in the wife’s household would be her parents.  Don’t overlook the following questions that were asked on various census years, which will point to other records such as marriages or births:

  • Was the person married within the census year? (1850-1890)
  • What was the person’s marital status? (1880-1940)
  • How many years has the person been married? (1900-1910)
  • What was the age at the person’s first marriage? (1930)
  • What was the parents’ place of birth? (1880-1940)

Other record types abound that mention women

Many other record types will name women in their proper familial context as daughters, wives, mothers or widows.  These records may not be as easy to locate or may cost a fee to obtain, but will be helpful in locating the elusive female.

  • Wills, probate or guardianship records – will mention the wife and may provide for the widow’s minor children
  • Land records – often mention the wife or widow, especially if she was entitled to a dower right in the property
  • Pension files – a widow would often apply for a military pension based upon her husband’s Revolutionary War, War of 1812, or Civil War service
  • Tax lists – a widow may show up on a tax list after her husband has died, being taxed on the same amount or value of property
  • Lineage or hereditary society applications – these documents have to connect each generation back to the target ancestor, and each fact on the application should be supported by named sources
  • County or local histories – these books became popular in the late 1800s and usually contain biographies that were submitted by a family member, although they rarely name their sources
  • Newspaper articles – in earlier times newspapers would print just about anything, so look for mentions of females in the social or gossip sections, as well as announcements for births, marriages or deaths
  • Manuscripts – libraries and archives often have unpublished collections of family papers that can be a goldmine for researchers, and may also have vertical files organized by surname
  • Photographs – family photos may contain notations that serve as clues about the females they depict, and websites such as Flickr, Facebook or eBay may host photos posted by others who are distant family members or unrelated resellers
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Lucille Freeman, about age 8 circa 1918, paternal grandmother of author, in author’s collection

While the resources described above may not always provide the answers we seek about our ancestral mothers, they are great places to begin looking.  Websites such as Ancestry.com, FamilySearch.org or HeritageQuest (accessible via participating libraries) can be used to locate many of these records.  But for some records that are not available online, a road trip to a distant county courthouse or archive might be necessary to gain access to these records.

In conclusion, today’s challenge is to add at least one more female, or ancestral mother, to your family tree.  And when you do, how will you honor and celebrate her discovery?

 

The Inspiration for My Why

The Inspiration for My Why

I am often asked why I got started researching family history, and that’s a good question.  I suspect for most who ask the question, it is a simple curiosity since I usually do stick out in a room–by being quite a bit younger than the average genealogist by 2-4 decades, give or take.  I used to be able to say I didn’t have any noticeable grey hairs, but that is not really true anymore, so we’ll just stick to the fact that I’m younger than most.

Marie Campagna, Sophomore year at LSU

Marie Campagna, Sophomore year at Louisiana State University

I always answer that it was my last living grandparent, maternal grandmother Marie Campagna Anderson, that was the impetus for my journey down this path.  Without even thinking, I normally rattle off that she “passed the torch” to me, and now I’m the family historian.  And I usually also tag on that my paternal grandparents Weldon & Lucille Darst also did genealogical research, so I got it from both sides.  And that I am the eventual heir to all the boxes of photos and memorabilia from both sides of the family, so it is my responsibility to document all the people and stories that left behind all the stuff.

So how did it all start?  When Grandma Marie turned 80 on 31 August 2007, her six daughters planned a surprise birthday reunion for her.  One of the gifts to be unveiled at this reunion was a scrapbook that documented the 8 decades of her life.  I diligently worked for 9 months preceding the reunion with my mom and aunts to collect all the photos, milestone events, and stories that would go into the book.  My mom scanned 2,000+ vintage photos, and each of the 6 daughters wrote several short stories of memories of their mother over the 6 decades of their lives.  I restored all the faded photos and compiled everything into 2 scrapbooks spanning 130 pages. It was a fascinating experience, because I learned things about my grandmother that I would have never known, had it not been for the massive scrapbook project.

Scrapbook to celebrate Marie's 80th birthday

Scrapbook to celebrate Marie’s 80th birthday

My interest had been piqued, and I was heading down the slippery slope toward genealogy addiction!  After the reunion, most of my visits home to see my parents and grandmother revolved around some type of family archiving, scanning, or organization projects.  When I learned I’d be moving from Texas to Colorado in early 2010, I spent about 3 weeks engaged in curating activities for our family archive.  I began to help my grandmother with her Family Tree Maker software, and then bought my own copy of the software in 2010, because I wanted to start adding new information to the family tree.

As it turns out, my Grandma Marie had inherited the beginnings of her research from her brother Salvador Campagna, who had traced the Campagna and Margavio ancestors and descendants about 3 generations in both directions.  Being from a large Italian family, Marie had about 53 first cousins, so most of the members in the family tree were living descendants of these individuals.  Both Sal and Marie had done most of their research the old-fashioned way pre-Internet:  by writing letters to family members, sending away for records from the National Archives, or renting microfilm to view at local Family History Centers.  Reviewing this information opened my eyes to the existence of entire branches of the family that I hadn’t ever heard of, much less met in person.

I have a tendency to dive into anything I do with full gusto, and genealogy was no different for me.  After I moved to the Denver area, I didn’t know a soul, so began attending local genealogical society events at the rate of about 2 or more per week.  I quickly came up to speed on research techniques, methodology and record types, and soon found myself being the teacher to others.  I began taking week-long trips to Salt Lake City to research at the Family History Library, and brought home stacks of papers usually averaging 2,500 copies!  I was officially addicted!

Weldon & Lucille Darst, 1965 at Driscoll Hotel, Austin, Texas

Weldon & Lucille Darst, 1965 at Driscoll Hotel, Austin, Texas

My Grandma Marie officially handed off responsibility for further research sometime in 2011, and I haven’t looked back since.  I love to share with her the new things I find on her Italian lines.  I’ve even gotten my mother Beth Darst hooked on the gateway drug known on the street as Ancestry.com, and now she is even doing basic research requests for members of her church.  My, how slippery that slope is!

I recall as a child that my PawPaw Weldon always challenged me and my brother to “leave a legacy.”  This was something very important to him, and although I didn’t fully grasp it as a teenager before he passed away, I understand now.  I wish my PawPaw was still alive today so he could share with me in all the discoveries I’ve made on the Darst and allied lines.  I think he would be proud of the legacy of which he and his ancestors are a part.

So as I continue my genealogy obsession, I remember those who came before me and planted the seeds of the trees whose roots now run deep.

This post is dedicated to my grandparents Marie & Nathan Anderson and Weldon & Lucille Darst.